Facilities for surface water intake
Complex structures, which serve to extract water from the source is called the water intake. Depending on the source water supply intake structures are distinguished: a) coastal; b) run-of-river; b)…

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The Mystery Of Stonehenge
Stonehenge (Engl. Stonehenge, lit. "stone henges") — a UNESCO world heritage stone megalithic structure (cromlech) on Salisbury plain in Wiltshire (England). Is about 130 km South-West of London. A gigantic…

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The meaning of the word megalithic
Have associated with special megalithic masonry and anthropomorphic stone sculptures on coming to America the outlying Islands, the emergence of Maori-Polynesian dogs, the spread in Polynesia 26-chromosomal cultural American cotton…

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Ancient technologies and structures: Peru
Blocks cut out of stone, perfectly adhere to each other. In the joints between two blocks do not pass even an ordinary sheet of paper or a credit card. For…

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Pyramids of Giza - the history of the ancient monument of Egypt
Normally, under the concept of "pyramids of Giza" modern man understands only the complex of the three largest buildings of Khufu, khafra and menkaura. However, it is supplemented by a…

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The Gothic Cathedral
The Gothic Cathedral contains in itself the whole world of the medieval city, is an encyclopedia. The Gothic temperamental and dramatic, and stressful life of the medieval city. The birthplace…

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Fortifications

Founded in the year 1044 by Prince Yaroslav . Novgorod Kremlin — the oldest surviving in Russia Kremlins.

The history of the first Novgorod fortress dates back to the mid XI century . It was located on a small hill between two ravines where is now the Cathedral of St. Sophia with the adjacent area. When the princes of Novgorod, Vladimir Yaroslavich and Mstislav Vladimirovich (XI-XII century), the Kremlin has expanded and reached today’s size. Since ancient times there has been massive ramparts, on which at the end of the XV century were built stone walls and towers on the Italian sample.

To walk round the Kremlin in just half an hour. The length of its walls is 1350 m . the thickness reaches four. Of the twelve nine towers have survived . Five (the number of all administrative districts of Novgorod the Great) of them were travel and was a small architectural ensembles: a tower, gate Church.

The only tower of the 16th century that extends beyond the walls of intercession — out on the floor side, the most vulnerable during artillery attacks. So it has three-meter-high walls, and the facades have 55 loopholes. Zlatoust adjacent five-tier tower is famous in the XVII century was turned into a prison, as evidenced by its former name — Prison.

There are two in the Kremlin are not typical for Novgorod the round tower. One of them is the Metropolitan —before the XVII century was called “Round” or “Red”. Second — Fedorovskaya — got its name from the Church erected in memory of the early dead (before their wedding) brother of Alexander Nevsky — Fyodor, later canonized Saint. His relics are kept in St. Sophia Cathedral).

The tallest tower of the Kremlin is Kokuy watch tower (41 meters), built in the XVIII century . — open to visit in the warmer months from 11.00 to 19.00 with a lunch break from 14.00 to 15.00, weekends — Monday, Thursday. Its summit offers a wonderful view of the Novgorod land for miles around.

The most mysterious places in the world
The world is full of fascinating and mysterious places. Today for you we have selected ten of the most mysterious places, which left us as an inheritance from our ancestors…

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During the reconstruction of the Nesvizh castle have been discovered unknown underground structures
Correspondents BelTA has learned that during the reconstruction of the Nesvizh castle have been found, unknown to the present day underground structure . The Radziwill Palace, known to many tourists,…

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The Gothic Cathedral
The Gothic Cathedral contains in itself the whole world of the medieval city, is an encyclopedia. The Gothic temperamental and dramatic, and stressful life of the medieval city. The birthplace…

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Architecture Venice
Venice embodies the harmonious mixture of different styles, which characterize different eras. The picturesque town is not at the expense of nature and greenery, which will not find here in…

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