Pyramids of Giza - the history of the ancient monument of Egypt
Normally, under the concept of "pyramids of Giza" modern man understands only the complex of the three largest buildings of Khufu, khafra and menkaura. However, it is supplemented by a…

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A very different Spain - Gothic Spain
It should be remembered that the Gothic Cathedral is not only an architectural object, but also the example of synthesis of various arts: stained glass, sculpture, painting. In the temple…

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Is it possible to build a house without a Foundation?
One of the main requirements to build a house without foundations is the presence of hard and loose soil. Of course, in some cases can this requirement be ignored, but…

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The most mystical and mysterious tourist routes
[caption id="attachment_236" align="alignleft" width="300"] SONY DSC[/caption] The rest is a relative thing and individual. And among tourists there are certainly those for whom the city is banal and uninteresting pastime.…

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Underground construction
One of the structural units of Construction Association interbudmontazh, the company “Interbudtunnel” performs works on construction and installation of various underground structures, tunnels, engineering and transportation networks, as well as…

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In the Syrian desert discovered mysterious structures
Robert Mason of the Royal Ontario Museum (Canada) discovered in Syria, a mysterious stone circles and other features of the landscape that look as if they created people. "They don't…

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Fortifications

Founded in the year 1044 by Prince Yaroslav . Novgorod Kremlin — the oldest surviving in Russia Kremlins.

The history of the first Novgorod fortress dates back to the mid XI century . It was located on a small hill between two ravines where is now the Cathedral of St. Sophia with the adjacent area. When the princes of Novgorod, Vladimir Yaroslavich and Mstislav Vladimirovich (XI-XII century), the Kremlin has expanded and reached today’s size. Since ancient times there has been massive ramparts, on which at the end of the XV century were built stone walls and towers on the Italian sample.

To walk round the Kremlin in just half an hour. The length of its walls is 1350 m . the thickness reaches four. Of the twelve nine towers have survived . Five (the number of all administrative districts of Novgorod the Great) of them were travel and was a small architectural ensembles: a tower, gate Church.

The only tower of the 16th century that extends beyond the walls of intercession — out on the floor side, the most vulnerable during artillery attacks. So it has three-meter-high walls, and the facades have 55 loopholes. Zlatoust adjacent five-tier tower is famous in the XVII century was turned into a prison, as evidenced by its former name — Prison.

There are two in the Kremlin are not typical for Novgorod the round tower. One of them is the Metropolitan —before the XVII century was called “Round” or “Red”. Second — Fedorovskaya — got its name from the Church erected in memory of the early dead (before their wedding) brother of Alexander Nevsky — Fyodor, later canonized Saint. His relics are kept in St. Sophia Cathedral).

The tallest tower of the Kremlin is Kokuy watch tower (41 meters), built in the XVIII century . — open to visit in the warmer months from 11.00 to 19.00 with a lunch break from 14.00 to 15.00, weekends — Monday, Thursday. Its summit offers a wonderful view of the Novgorod land for miles around.

The Mystery Of Stonehenge
Stonehenge (Engl. Stonehenge, lit. "stone henges") — a UNESCO world heritage stone megalithic structure (cromlech) on Salisbury plain in Wiltshire (England). Is about 130 km South-West of London. A gigantic…

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The Church Of The Transfiguration
Picturesque village (and the city with the Magdeburg law) War lies with the highway Cherkassy-Kanev 30 km from the regional center. Unique terrain, where spreads the village is flat, partly…

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Architecture Venice
Venice embodies the harmonious mixture of different styles, which characterize different eras. The picturesque town is not at the expense of nature and greenery, which will not find here in…

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10 thousand years ago
To the rear of the junction she bent down. But then there is not a decorative treatment and targeted production of different size of stone for buildings. In the Macho…

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