It should be remembered that the Gothic Cathedral is not only an architectural object, but also the example of synthesis of various arts: stained glass, sculpture, painting. In the temple could be several hundred and even thousands of stone statues, and almost always painted; along the walls hung colorful tapestries, and light fell through the stained glass. Each color had a meaning: red meant blood and jer-tsennosti, blue – sky and loyalty, purple is a mystical Color prayers, sacrifices in the name of Heaven, Green was a symbol of love, yellow – light and the Sun.
In all Catholic churches of Spain can be seen typical for this country wooden statue of the virgin Mary, Christ, apostles and saints painted in clothes, so-called yestofado. This art form originated in the XVI-XVII centuries and is rarely found outside of the Iberian Peninsula. Masters carved out of wood figure, and the painters painted her, and there was a separate profession of “abrasively body”, “abrasively clothes”, zolotilov. Some masters would put statues crystal eyes, and his face was placed a crystal tears. These images and now are sometimes the object of worship; the most valuable of them typically kept in the Cathedral museums – almost in every major city in the Cathedral of the small exhibition (entrance is usually paid), located in the former Treasury where he kept the most precious objects of sacred worship. The rich collection of carved wood, or vannoy sculptures can be seen in the national Museum of sculpture in Valladolid. Continue reading
As it turned out, the idea of creating a cosy corner for relaxation in the form of the gazebos . came to us from ancient Egypt. This civilization of the pharaohs was developed much more than other Nations and still remains an inexhaustible storehouse of discoveries, which are successfully used by scientists all over the world. On the images, preserved on the walls of tombs, saw our contemporaries semblance of light construction in the garden for the rest of the pharaohs. So, the first pavilion designed in Egypt. Such structures have marked the history of ancient Rome. The vanity was moved by rich Romans and therefore they took over only the most expensive and sophisticated in those days. To protect from the hot rays of the sun and a pleasant stay in the fresh air used the gazebo . Certainly, ancient structures have been more thorough, was called pavilions, and its function performed properly.
What in our time? Aren’t we also use the gazebo to relax? Gone is the era of the rulers, but their legacy has allowed architects to create an artful pergola to us mere citizens. Now wondering where to buy a gazebo . we do not think about its origins. And the story really interesting. Continue reading
Robert Mason of the Royal Ontario Museum (Canada) discovered in Syria, a mysterious stone circles and other features of the landscape that look as if they created people.
“They don’t have impressive size, as some of the megaliths, but they are clearly deliberately aligned, and therefore very interesting,” — said the archaeologist who first stumbled on them in 2009 near the monastery of Deir Mar Musa (Saint. Moses the Abyssinian), which is approximately 80 km North of Damascus.
A pile of stones (stage building) and a stone circle. Photo: Robert Mason
Alas, the tense situation in Syria have hindered excavation. A preliminary analysis of fragments of stone tools, are scattered in this area, put this date in their Neolithic and early bronze age of 6-10 thousand years ago.
According to Mr. Mason, the stones are positioned to stand out amid the empty landscape. Nearby there is nothing that would indicate a settlement. This is unusual, because the Neolithic people, as a rule, buried the dead and performed rites right there where they lived. Continue reading