Cyclopean structures of antiquity
Not far from the ancient Rauza in the wilderness of the forest... there is a wonderful place – these are the ruins of some historical buildings, which consumed the stones…

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List of megalithic structures and give a brief description.
Court decisions in States, decisions of arbitration tribunals and m/n commercial arbitration, adopted by them in the territories of the States are recognised and enforced in the Russian Federation as,…

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About the most mysterious structure on the planet - gates Tonga
Hi all. Today I wanted to introduce you to one interesting structure. The gate of Tonga is one of the most mysterious and amazing structures on the planet. They are…

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Early megalithic structures of Asia Minor
Large ceremonial structures IX Millennium BC have been discovered in Asia Minor. They belong to the era of the emergence of agriculture and animal husbandry in the society, under the…

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Ancient structures: pyramids
Our ancestors had access to some mysterious knowledge and technology, through which millions of years ago were erected indescribable beauty of ancient structures. On what basis and who built them…

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Fortifications
Founded in the year 1044 by Prince Yaroslav . Novgorod Kremlin — the oldest surviving in Russia Kremlins. The history of the first Novgorod fortress dates back to the mid…

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A very different Spain – Gothic Spain

It should be remembered that the Gothic Cathedral is not only an architectural object, but also the example of synthesis of various arts: stained glass, sculpture, painting. In the temple could be several hundred and even thousands of stone statues, and almost always painted; along the walls hung colorful tapestries, and light fell through the stained glass. Each color had a meaning: red meant blood and jer-tsennosti, blue – sky and loyalty, purple is a mystical Color prayers, sacrifices in the name of Heaven, Green was a symbol of love, yellow – light and the Sun.

In all Catholic churches of Spain can be seen typical for this country wooden statue of the virgin Mary, Christ, apostles and saints painted in clothes, so-called yestofado. This art form originated in the XVI-XVII centuries and is rarely found outside of the Iberian Peninsula. Masters carved out of wood figure, and the painters painted her, and there was a separate profession of “abrasively body”, “abrasively clothes”, zolotilov. Some masters would put statues crystal eyes, and his face was placed a crystal tears. These images and now are sometimes the object of worship; the most valuable of them typically kept in the Cathedral museums – almost in every major city in the Cathedral of the small exhibition (entrance is usually paid), located in the former Treasury where he kept the most precious objects of sacred worship. The rich collection of carved wood, or vannoy sculptures can be seen in the national Museum of sculpture in Valladolid.

While the Christian States in the Central and Northern parts of the Iberian Peninsula were built Romanesque and Gothic churches in the South, in Andalusia, was a special, Spanish-Moorish style. Under its influence in the fourteenth century appeared the mudéjar style, which followed the Arab masters who remained in Christian lands, so in many purely Christian buildings Central areas of Spain you can see traces of the Arab culture. Two distinctive features characteristic of Moorish architecture: the plaster arches, decorated with pyramidal cells and one hundred-tacticoolwannabe ledges, and horseshoe arches. Arab architects are rarely adorned the facades of the building, preferring not to attract too much attention, but with extraordinary luxury trimmed interior. The palaces of the caliphs and emirs is the huge complexes (usually one – or two-storey), with gardens, fountains, ponds, halls for the reception of ambassadors, facilities for women, many connecting bedrooms. They are ideally suited for leisurely contemplation of beauty.

As the Arab city of RAS relied in the southern part of the Peninsula, where the summer atmosphere is dry and sultry weather, it is an important task facing the builders was to provide coolness. At each house there was a small rectangular courtyard with shady trees – patio. For protection from the sun and the premature destruction of houses painted in lime white. The streets were extremely narrow, which also prevented the penetration of the sun. The center of any Arab city was a fortress (Arabic for “Alka-SAR”), standing on a hill and surrounded by strong walls.

The most mystical and mysterious tourist routes
[caption id="attachment_236" align="alignleft" width="300"] SONY DSC[/caption] The rest is a relative thing and individual. And among tourists there are certainly those for whom the city is banal and uninteresting pastime.…

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ANCIENT ROME
The Romans adopted from the Greeks all their main achievements, including the steam baths. In the Roman version, they were called the baths. The Romans appreciated the pleasure that gives…

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Facilities for surface water intake
Complex structures, which serve to extract water from the source is called the water intake. Depending on the source water supply intake structures are distinguished: a) coastal; b) run-of-river; b)…

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Gothic architecture.
Architecture is the art of creating masterpieces, among which we live and which we admire every day. We pass by, not knowing how much effort, knowledge and talent invested in…

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