Underground construction
One of the structural units of Construction Association interbudmontazh, the company “Interbudtunnel” performs works on construction and installation of various underground structures, tunnels, engineering and transportation networks, as well as…

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A very different Spain - Gothic Spain
It should be remembered that the Gothic Cathedral is not only an architectural object, but also the example of synthesis of various arts: stained glass, sculpture, painting. In the temple…

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Lace Gothic Prague Castle
The place is known to everyone, and it is called Prague Castle. Today our tour guide will be already known by our previous walking man – Dr. Frantisek Kadlec, Director…

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Gothic rebus
One of the most beautiful buildings of Paris, praised by Victor Hugo, the legends and myths. A mystical image of Notre-Dame-de-Paris became an international symbol of the middle Ages, where…

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Facilities for surface water intake
Complex structures, which serve to extract water from the source is called the water intake. Depending on the source water supply intake structures are distinguished: a) coastal; b) run-of-river; b)…

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10 thousand years ago
To the rear of the junction she bent down. But then there is not a decorative treatment and targeted production of different size of stone for buildings. In the Macho…

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Gothic cathedrals

Gothic, Gothic style arose and dominated the Western artistic culture immediately after romance. Gothic art originated in France around 1140 years and spread throughout Europe in the next century. The term “Gothic” applied to the late, high or classical ages. Gothic style served primarily the Church. The Gothic period is considered to be one of the greatest in the history of European art and culture.

Gothic style is most clearly represented in the architecture.

A characteristic feature of the Gothic style steel ribbed vaults. The medieval churches of the Romanesque style had a powerful stone arches, which were very heavy. They sought to shore, to push the walls outward, which could bring down the building. To keep such arches, the walls of the Romanesque buildings had to be thick and heavy. At the beginning of the 12th century, masons developed the ribbed vaults: slender stone arches, placed diagonally, transversely and longitudinally. These arches could rely just on columns, walls ceased to be load-bearing structures. In the construction so there was a real revolution. The new vault, which was thinner and lighter, has allowed to solve many architectural problems. The thick walls of Romanesque architecture were replaced by more subtle; they have become possible to make extensive window openings, so that the naves of churches became oshosatori bright. In the giant window began to mount the stained glass Windows of colored glass, strengthening the impression of conviviality and different from everyday life.

Gothic arch informed the councils General character of lightness, upwards. The temples have become much more dynamic and expressive. The first of the great cathedrals was the Cathedral of Notre Dame (begun in 1163). In 1194 was laid for the Cathedral in Chartres, which is considered the beginning of the high Gothic period. The culmination of this era was the Cathedral at Reims (begun 1210). The influence of the French Gothic style quickly spread to Spain, Germany, England. In Italy it was not so strong.

Following Roman tradition, in numerous niches on the facade of French Gothic cathedrals housed in quality jewelry a huge number of carved stone figures personifying the tenets and beliefs of the Catholic Church. Gothic sculpture in the 12th and early 13th century, was by its nature mainly architectural. From the fourteenth century to the ornaments of Gothic cathedrals was added to the finest stone carvings, stone lacework. This style is sometimes called “flaming Gothic”.

Gothic cathedrals in medieval European cities were the most noticeable, the most beautiful buildings that the Church’s role in life and culture. The Cathedral was the decoration of the city, and hence a symbol of his wealth. In the days of religious holidays (and they are in the middle ages there were many, and they often lasted not one day) the Cathedral became a major centre of social life where citizens came to theatrical performances.

The Gothic age ended in Italy in the early FIFTEENTH century with the advent of the Renaissance. In the rest of Europe Gothic art and architecture continued to exist during most of the fifteenth century, and some parts of Europe and in the XVI century.

The Gothic Cathedral
The Gothic Cathedral contains in itself the whole world of the medieval city, is an encyclopedia. The Gothic temperamental and dramatic, and stressful life of the medieval city. The birthplace…

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Romanesque and Gothic style
VC connect draperies in interior architecture is defined by the. Windowless space of classical antiquity and little Windows of stained glass during the early Christian era did not require curtains…

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The most beautiful Gothic cathedrals.
Aachen Cathedral – one of the Imperial cathedrals of Germany, which for centuries were crowned monarchs to reign. He began his history of about 800 years, when king Charlemagne ordered…

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Architecture Venice
Venice embodies the harmonious mixture of different styles, which characterize different eras. The picturesque town is not at the expense of nature and greenery, which will not find here in…

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