Dobele castle
Castle and forest In 1729, the last inhabitants left the castle, and it has never lived. The surrounding people noticed it and began to slowly disassemble the walls and buildings,…

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The stained glass Windows of Gothic cathedrals
"Sculpture of the Romanesque style" - Why? DONJON – the main tower of the castle, home of the feudal Lord. Robert. Diagram of a medieval castle - city. Capstone. The…

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Gothic architecture.

Architecture is the art of creating masterpieces, among which we live and which we admire every day. We pass by, not knowing how much effort, knowledge and talent invested in the seemingly ordinary in our opinion the building. In every age of the building and their architecture expressed the changes in society, in the formation of the state in public order and other things.

The term “Gothic” in the modern sense was first used by Giorgio Vasari to distinguish the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic architecture originated in 1150 – 1550, in the North of France. This style not only architecture but also painting, sculpture, murals, etc., in the late Medieval period. It spread across Western and Central Europe, to a lesser extent in Eastern Europe. In part, it arose out of German culture. Also contributed to the emergence of a new style and Islamic culture, with its Crusades and products. This style is, first of all, the religious undertones that characterizes the Christian worldview. Gothic style became the platform for the displacement of feudalism because they were under pressure from the “free cities”. This contributed to the development of trade and craftsmanship in these cities, which in turn helped to gain Finance for construction,in addition to craft shops were preparing qualified specialists.

At that time in Western Europe dominated by the Roman Catholic faith, and have grown considerably the number of the population was crowded into churches, built in the Romanesque style. Gothic architectural type became the Cathedral is able to accommodate almost the entire population at once. Buildings in this style are typical frame system, which allows you to create an unprecedented high and spacious building. Characteristic features were delicate tower (157 m), high arches, Windows and portals, as well as decorative parts: openwork “wierenga” turret “jugs” curls “crabs”, round box with cover “roses.” Light coming through the colored stained glass Windows, giving a feeling of infinite space moving. The Foundation of the Cathedral – a skeleton of pillars and Lancet arches on which they relied. The cross vault was developed on the “ribs” (ribs). Making out the design elements creates a feeling of lightness and freedom of the interior.

Facilities for surface water intake
Complex structures, which serve to extract water from the source is called the water intake. Depending on the source water supply intake structures are distinguished: a) coastal; b) run-of-river; b)…

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The most magnificent Gothic cathedrals in France
Chartres Cathedral The Cathedral in Chartres (XII-XIV centuries) is considered one of the most beautiful in Europe. Chartres, where the precious relics of our lady, enjoyed the special protection of…

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