List of megalithic structures and give a brief description.
Court decisions in States, decisions of arbitration tribunals and m/n commercial arbitration, adopted by them in the territories of the States are recognised and enforced in the Russian Federation as, if the recognition and enforcement of such decisions provided by the MD of the RF and FZ. The recognition and enforcement of permitted speakers at the request of the parties to the dispute considered by the foreign court. The application is a party to the dispute in whose favor the decision in the speaker of the Russian Federation on MN/MZ the debtor or, if many of the debtor’s property. The application shall be submitted in writing, signed by the party or its representative, must contain: – the name of the AU; – the name and many in the court or the name and composition of the arbitral Tribunal or km/h commercial arbitration, MN; – the name of the claimant, his MN or MZ; – the name of the debtor, MN or mg; – information on the decision in court or in an arbitration decision, prisanee and enforcement which is filed by the claimant; – the petition of the claimant on the recognition and enforcement of decisions in court or in ARB decisions; – list of attached documents. The application shall be attached: – a certified copy of the decision in the court; – a document confirming the entry of court decision in legal force, if this is not specified in the decision; – a document confirming that dolinksy timely and duly notified about the proceedings in the court; – a power of attorney or other document confirming the powers for signing the application; – a certified translation of documents in Russian language. Also attached is the document confirming payment of state duty. The application is considered in court session by a single judge within a period not exceeding 3 months from the date of its admission to the AU. AC shall notify the persons participating in business, about time and place of the court session. Absence of properly informed persons does not preclude consideration of the case. When considering the case of the AU in judicial session establishes the presence or absence of grounds for recognition and enforcement of decisions in court and in arbitral awards by research are presented in the MSS evidence, substantiation of the declared requirements and objections. In such cases, the AC may not review a decision in court on the merits. The speaker denies recognition and enforcement of decisions of the court in whole or in part, if: 1) the decision on the law of the state in whose territory it is taken, not entered into legal force; 2) the party against whom the decision was not timely and duly notified about the time and place of the hearing or for other reasons could not submit to the court the explanations; 3) consideration of the case in accordance with the MD the RF or FZ is the exclusive competence of the court in the Russian Federation; 4) has entered into Zach. force the decision of the court in the Russian Federation, adopted on the dispute between the same persons about the same subject and on the same grounds; 5) the court in Russia is a case on dispute between the same persons about the same subject and on the same grounds, that has been initiated prior to the initiation of the proceedings in the court or in the court of the Russian Federation first took its production of the statement; 6) the Statute of limitations to bring the decision in court for enforcement; 7) execution of the decision in the court would be contrary to the public policy of the Russian Federation. By results of consideration of the statement the speaker makes a ruling, which States: the name and many in the court, or the name and composition of the arbitral Tribunal or km/h commercial arbitration, which adopted the decision; the name of the creditor and the debtor; information about the decision in the court; indication of the recognition and enforcement of decisions in court or on refusal in recognition and enforcement of a decision in court or in arbitration award. The definition of AC MB appealed to the BPA within one month from the date of issuance.
96. Proceedings on cases with participation in.persons in the arbitration process: a General overview. (Chapter 32,33)
In accordance with article 253 of the APC cases involving in persons shall be considered AU by the General rules of the commercial procedure code with the specifications provided in Chapter 33 of the APC RF, if the MD of the Russian Federation provides otherwise. In this case with participation of foreign persons if these persons or their controls, branches, representations or their representatives authorised on conducting of business, are or live in territory of the Russian Federation, are considered within the timeframe set by the APC. In cases if the foreign persons participating in a case before the AU located or domiciled outside of the Russian Federation, such persons are notified of the proceedings by determining the AC by sending a order to the Department of justice or other competent authority in a CSO state. In these cases, the trial is extended to AC for a term established by the Treaty on legal assistance for submitting assignments, and in the absence in the contract of such period, or in the absence of this Treaty, no more than 6 months. The trial of cases involving in persons in the AU are primarily in accordance with national procedural legislation. If the MD of the Russian Federation establishes other rules of legal proceedings, other than those provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation, the rules of MD. Therefore there is a need to analyse the rules of court from the point of view, 1, peculiarities of legal regulation of cases with a foreign element from the point of view of national legislation and, 2, applications and overall implementation of the provisions of the m/n and in procedural law. IL enjoy procedural rights and bear procedural duties equally with Russian organizations and citizens. Procedural privileges are granted to the SLUDGE, if any of the CBMs of the Russian Federation. IL have the right to apply to the AU in the Russian Federation according to the rules of jurisdiction and cognizance, installed APK, for protection of their violated or disputed rights and lawful interests in the sphere of entrepreneurial and other economic activities. IL, participating in the case, shall submit to the speaker of the proofs confirming their legal status and the right to engage in entrepreneurial and other economic activities. In case of absence of such evidence, the AU has the right to reclaim them on their own initiative. The government of the Russian Federation Mikhail. installed retaliatory limitations (retorsion) with respect to the SLUDGE in those States in which restrictions against Russian organizations and citizens. The documents issued, compiled or certified in the prescribed form by the competent authorities in States outside the Russian Federation according to the norms in law in relation to growing organizations and citizens or SILT, are accepted AC in RF in the presence of legalisation of the specified documents or apostille. Documents in in language, when submitted to the AC in of the Russian Federation should be accompanied them by properly certified translation into Russian language. AC executes the instruction in the courts and competent authorities in the States about performance of separate legal proceedings (delivery of summonses and other documents, obtaining written proof, expertise, inspection on site and others). Order in the court or competent authority in the state is not enforceable . if: 1)the execution of the order violates the fundamental principles of the Russian right or otherwise contradicts the public policy of the Russian Federation; 2)the execution of the order does not refer to the competence of the speakers in the Russian Federation; 3)do not have the authenticity of the document that contains instructions to perform certain procedural actions. The performance of AC’s instructions on the execution of individual procedural actions shall be conducted in the manner prescribed by the AIC, unless otherwise provided in the RF MFA. The speaker can refer to in courts or competent authorities in States with commissions about performance of individual procedural actions.
List of megalithic structures and give a brief description.
Allocate 3 main types of megalithic structures: menhirs; dolmens; the cromlechs.
– Menhir – free-standing on the earth’s surface the vertical stone. It is a ritual monuments or monuments, sometimes reaching up to 20 m in height and weighing up to 300T.;
– D almany – construction of several vertical stones supporting a horizontal stone slab. Most often served as burial chambers and funerary monuments at the same time.;
To ramleh – cult building in the form of one or several concentric fences, consisting of stone pillars, covered with stone slabs. In the middle of the cromlech was situated a large stone plate.
3.List major building materials and design of Ancient Egyptian architecture. What are beznapornye vaults? To sketch an image.
Basic construction materials: Adobe brick, reed, river mud, rock. The forest was used in limited quantities.
1 Wall, covered with reliefs
2 post-and-beam system
3 Primitive arches, mainly thrustless (false)
4 Spacer vaulted structure of brick, made of successive rows adjacent to each other arches.
Thrustless vaults is vaults in the form of overhanging horizontal rows of masonry or in the form of two mutually abutting angled obliquely cut stones.
4. To characterize the architecture of Ancient Egypt in the Early Kingdom (the main monuments and their characteristics).
5.To characterize the architecture of Ancient Egypt during the old Kingdom(the main monuments and their characteristics).
6.To characterize the architecture of Ancient Egypt during the Middle Kingdom(the main monuments and their characteristics).