Architecture is the art of creating masterpieces, among which we live and which we admire every day. We pass by, not knowing how much effort, knowledge and talent invested in the seemingly ordinary in our opinion the building. In every age of the building and their architecture expressed the changes in society, in the formation of the state in public order and other things.
The term “Gothic” in the modern sense was first used by Giorgio Vasari to distinguish the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic architecture originated in 1150 – 1550, in the North of France. This style not only architecture but also painting, sculpture, murals, etc., in the late Medieval period. It spread across Western and Central Europe, to a lesser extent in Eastern Europe. In part, it arose out of German culture. Also contributed to the emergence of a new style and Islamic culture, with its Crusades and products. This style is, first of all, the religious undertones that characterizes the Christian worldview. Gothic style became the platform for the displacement of feudalism because they were under pressure from the “free cities”. This contributed to the development of trade and craftsmanship in these cities, which in turn helped to gain Finance for construction,in addition to craft shops were preparing qualified specialists. Continue reading
Thirty meters cyclopean constructions of earthworks in the city of Belozersk of the Vologda region of the imagination of people still
If the Arab Ambassador arrived in the capital of Bulgaria a bit earlier, he could see the giant was still alive, but shortly before the visit of Ibn Fadlan, the man-giant had to kill because of his evil and violent temper. Held him on the outskirts of the city chained to a tree, fed meat wild birds and animals that he with appetite ate straight raw. Curious I went to watch the giant not only from the capital of Bulgaria, but even from remote villages of this country, and for a long time the sight was one of the main entertainments of the people. However, after the children were fainting from the terrible antics of a giant, and pregnant women were having miscarriages from his terrible roar, the giant Tsar was killed.
Most importantly — Ahmed Ibn Fadlan says in his memoirs that the giant was brought to Bulgaria from the far North, from the country of the PISG, where many fur-bearing animals, forests and lakes. Modern sources consider it “the land of the PISG” the area of White lake and its environs, where in ancient times lived the people of the PISG, or the entire (current Veps). What giants lived a thousand years ago within the borders of the Vologda region? How the message is Ibn Fadlan is true? Continue reading
The Cathedral in Chartres (XII-XIV centuries) is considered one of the most beautiful in Europe. Chartres, where the precious relics of our lady, enjoyed the special protection of king Louis IX, who gave the Cathedral a large window-rose. Stained glass Windows donated to the Cathedral, the artisans of the city.
In the construction of the Cathedral was attended by many people: for example, in 40-ies of the XII century Norman thousands of pilgrims came to Chartres and a few months to destroy stone blocks in the walls of the Cathedral reach two to three meters long and one meter in height. The Western facade is the only thing that survived from an earlier building. Its creation dates to 1170. The façade is adorned with three richly decorated with magnificent stone carvings of the portal belonging to the XII century. From the North and South facades of the building you can see is very typical of French Gothic, a huge, round lace box, in which the openings in lead casements inserted stained glass. The diameter of the Windows of the transept is 13 meters. A screen similar to this entered art history under the name “rose”. It first appeared in the Chartres Cathedral, Continue reading