Hi all. Today I wanted to introduce you to one interesting structure. The gate of Tonga is one of the most mysterious and amazing structures on the planet. They are supplied in the Eastern part of the island of Tongatapu.
It is impossible to imagine that in these remote and desolate places, once lived in peace. And the man? Now in this deserted place is an archaeological reserve. The gates are built in the shape of the letter “P” made of massive blocks, five meters high. It remains a mystery how they managed to move blocks weighing forty-five tons, which was built so strange and amazing building.
Just imagine the surprised faces of the travellers, when in the middle of the 20th century in the Pacific ocean on the island of Tongatapu was discovered is absolutely incredible and amazing building – the Gate of Tonga. You can only guess, as among the thickets, on a tiny island formed a huge stone monument, where there are no stones at all? How they came to be in such remote and isolated places? After all, the closest island located two hundred miles from Tongatapu. Continue reading
Architecture is the art of creating masterpieces, among which we live and which we admire every day. We pass by, not knowing how much effort, knowledge and talent invested in the seemingly ordinary in our opinion the building. In every age of the building and their architecture expressed the changes in society, in the formation of the state in public order and other things.
The term “Gothic” in the modern sense was first used by Giorgio Vasari to distinguish the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic architecture originated in 1150 – 1550, in the North of France. This style not only architecture but also painting, sculpture, murals, etc., in the late Medieval period. It spread across Western and Central Europe, to a lesser extent in Eastern Europe. In part, it arose out of German culture. Also contributed to the emergence of a new style and Islamic culture, with its Crusades and products. This style is, first of all, the religious undertones that characterizes the Christian worldview. Gothic style became the platform for the displacement of feudalism because they were under pressure from the “free cities”. This contributed to the development of trade and craftsmanship in these cities, which in turn helped to gain Finance for construction,in addition to craft shops were preparing qualified specialists. Continue reading
With the improvement of method of production, there are new tools made of copper and bronze. Occurs the first major social division of labor, increasing wealth inequality. Then the craft separated from agriculture, is the second major division of labor. All this played a crucial role in the development of civilization. In the Nile valley, in Mesopotamia and China established a slave system, the first class of the state. All this led to the development of different spheres of human spiritual activity.
The overwhelming significance of monumental architecture associated with the development of religious beliefs, the cult of ancestors and nature. These were megalithic structures – menhirs (gr. meg). – a large, lit – rock) – single cigar-shaped stone pillars with a height up to 20 m (Brittany, France); sometimes they stretched in parallel rows for several miles (“the Stone army” – the Caucasus, Armenia; the alley of menhirs in Brittany); Continue reading