Gothic rebus
One of the most beautiful buildings of Paris, praised by Victor Hugo, the legends and myths. A mystical image of Notre-Dame-de-Paris became an international symbol of the middle Ages, where…

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The most beautiful Gothic cathedrals.
Aachen Cathedral – one of the Imperial cathedrals of Germany, which for centuries were crowned monarchs to reign. He began his history of about 800 years, when king Charlemagne ordered…

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A very different Spain – Gothic Spain

It should be remembered that the Gothic Cathedral is not only an architectural object, but also the example of synthesis of various arts: stained glass, sculpture, painting. In the temple could be several hundred and even thousands of stone statues, and almost always painted; along the walls hung colorful tapestries, and light fell through the stained glass. Each color had a meaning: red meant blood and jer-tsennosti, blue – sky and loyalty, purple is a mystical Color prayers, sacrifices in the name of Heaven, Green was a symbol of love, yellow – light and the Sun.

In all Catholic churches of Spain can be seen typical for this country wooden statue of the virgin Mary, Christ, apostles and saints painted in clothes, so-called yestofado. This art form originated in the XVI-XVII centuries and is rarely found outside of the Iberian Peninsula. Masters carved out of wood figure, and the painters painted her, and there was a separate profession of “abrasively body”, “abrasively clothes”, zolotilov. Some masters would put statues crystal eyes, and his face was placed a crystal tears. These images and now are sometimes the object of worship; the most valuable of them typically kept in the Cathedral museums – almost in every major city in the Cathedral of the small exhibition (entrance is usually paid), located in the former Treasury where he kept the most precious objects of sacred worship. The rich collection of carved wood, or vannoy sculptures can be seen in the national Museum of sculpture in Valladolid. Continue reading

Underground pyramids in Crimea

The topic is close to me. Ran into her in the study of its main themes – Poisk little-known mineral springs.Usually they are in the area Energeticheskiy posts. And in many places their

the location was discovered or newly built the pyramids,or the traces of ancient constructions in piramidalniy form. So it was in the suburbs and in the Tver region.Crimea

Mysteries of the Crimean pyramids

In the expedition I was invited by an old friend. Called and said: “There is a possibility for a week to ride to the Crimea. Are you going?” – Food! – I replied hastily, fearing that if you start to flirt, I’ll call another. – What to look for will.

– The pyramids.

“Holy shit! I thought. – Well, what in Crimea pyramid. May have heard wrong and go to Egypt?” Gently ask again. No, still the Crimea. Well, the Crimea because of Crimea. Too bad. Serge is still my dress size said. Said that the good sponsor who organized this expedition, took care even about the gear. To my silent question, why is money, eh, nowhere to go, Serge answered: Continue reading

Facilities for surface water intake

Complex structures, which serve to extract water from the source is called the water intake. Depending on the source water supply intake structures are distinguished:

a) coastal;

b) run-of-river;

b) reservoir;

d) lacustrine;

d) marine.

According to the degree of stationarity of the intakes are divided into stationary and non-stationary (floating, travelling). By purpose are divided into technical and drinking. Duration of operation – permanent and temporary. Technological and design features – bucket, power, combined, etc. By location of receiving waters – coastal and bed. The required reliability of water supply in accordance with the instructions of SNiP II-31-74. The performance of small (less than 1 m 3 /h), medium (from 1 to 6 m 3 /h) and large (more than 6 m 3 /h). Continue reading