Ancient structures: pyramids
Our ancestors had access to some mysterious knowledge and technology, through which millions of years ago were erected indescribable beauty of ancient structures. On what basis and who built them…

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Mysterious Stonehenge
The harsh and inhospitable terrain seems plain of Salisbury in southern England. Icy chilly winds blow here all year round. Viewing a blog about travel. found an interesting photo of…

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30 meter high earth mound at White lake was built by the giants?
Thirty meters cyclopean constructions of earthworks in the city of Belozersk of the Vologda region of the imagination of people still If the Arab Ambassador arrived in the capital of…

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Ancient technologies and structures: Peru
Blocks cut out of stone, perfectly adhere to each other. In the joints between two blocks do not pass even an ordinary sheet of paper or a credit card. For…

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Romanesque and Gothic style
VC connect draperies in interior architecture is defined by the. Windowless space of classical antiquity and little Windows of stained glass during the early Christian era did not require curtains…

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The mysterious stones of the planet
Science has reached the depths of the sea and the heights of space, but still powerless before some of the stones ― the ancient and unknown. Science has reached the…

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Gothic architecture.

Architecture is the art of creating masterpieces, among which we live and which we admire every day. We pass by, not knowing how much effort, knowledge and talent invested in the seemingly ordinary in our opinion the building. In every age of the building and their architecture expressed the changes in society, in the formation of the state in public order and other things.

The term “Gothic” in the modern sense was first used by Giorgio Vasari to distinguish the Renaissance from the middle Ages. Gothic architecture originated in 1150 – 1550, in the North of France. This style not only architecture but also painting, sculpture, murals, etc., in the late Medieval period. It spread across Western and Central Europe, to a lesser extent in Eastern Europe. In part, it arose out of German culture. Also contributed to the emergence of a new style and Islamic culture, with its Crusades and products. This style is, first of all, the religious undertones that characterizes the Christian worldview. Gothic style became the platform for the displacement of feudalism because they were under pressure from the “free cities”. This contributed to the development of trade and craftsmanship in these cities, which in turn helped to gain Finance for construction,in addition to craft shops were preparing qualified specialists. Continue reading

In Torun is full of beautiful places!

Torun is one of the most beautiful cities in Poland, situated on the North of the country on the banks of the Vistula river. Gothic architectural monuments located in the Old town of Torun, in 1997 were listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO. During the second World war, the city is not substantially affected, so all the old buildings and the building retains its original appearance.

Archaeological excavations confirm that the first settlements on the territory of present city was founded in 1100 BC but the name Torun gave the settlement the knights of the Teutonic order, who arrived here in the early thirteenth century. and who built a castle here. Toruń city rights received in 1233 over the centuries, the city remained an important center of trading routes and several times changed its owners: toruń was a part of not only Poland, but also Prussia and Sweden.

Torun – the city is famous for gingerbread, a genuine Gothic structures and Nicolaus Copernicus. Here, in 1473 G. was born the famous astronomer and mathematician, the author of the geocentric system of the world, which marked the beginning of the 1st scientific revolution. The Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun is one of the most prestigious Universities in Poland. Continue reading

Gothic cathedrals

Gothic, Gothic style arose and dominated the Western artistic culture immediately after romance. Gothic art originated in France around 1140 years and spread throughout Europe in the next century. The term “Gothic” applied to the late, high or classical ages. Gothic style served primarily the Church. The Gothic period is considered to be one of the greatest in the history of European art and culture.

Gothic style is most clearly represented in the architecture.

A characteristic feature of the Gothic style steel ribbed vaults. The medieval churches of the Romanesque style had a powerful stone arches, which were very heavy. They sought to shore, to push the walls outward, which could bring down the building. To keep such arches, the walls of the Romanesque buildings had to be thick and heavy. At the beginning of the 12th century, masons developed the ribbed vaults: slender stone arches, placed diagonally, transversely and longitudinally. These arches could rely just on columns, walls ceased to be load-bearing structures. In the construction so there was a real revolution. Continue reading

Peru and Bolivia long before the Incas
Another type of masonry, which attracted our attention in Cusco, has left a very ambiguous impression. This clutch of relatively small (although sometimes reach hundreds of kilograms) of mainly rectangular…

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The meaning of the word megalithic
Have associated with special megalithic masonry and anthropomorphic stone sculptures on coming to America the outlying Islands, the emergence of Maori-Polynesian dogs, the spread in Polynesia 26-chromosomal cultural American cotton…

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The most mystical and mysterious tourist routes
[caption id="attachment_236" align="alignleft" width="300"] SONY DSC[/caption] The rest is a relative thing and individual. And among tourists there are certainly those for whom the city is banal and uninteresting pastime.…

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The first pyramids were built by the ancient Ukrainians?
The patriots have a new reason to be proud. As it turns out, Ukraine is the birthplace not only of bacon and vodka, but still pyramids. Here they were built…

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