With the improvement of method of production, there are new tools made of copper and bronze. Occurs the first major social division of labor, increasing wealth inequality. Then the craft separated from agriculture, is the second major division of labor. All this played a crucial role in the development of civilization. In the Nile valley, in Mesopotamia and China established a slave system, the first class of the state. All this led to the development of different spheres of human spiritual activity.
The overwhelming significance of monumental architecture associated with the development of religious beliefs, the cult of ancestors and nature. These were megalithic structures – menhirs (gr. meg). – a large, lit – rock) – single cigar-shaped stone pillars with a height up to 20 m (Brittany, France); sometimes they stretched in parallel rows for several miles (“the Stone army” – the Caucasus, Armenia; the alley of menhirs in Brittany); Continue reading
Large ceremonial structures IX Millennium BC have been discovered in Asia Minor. They belong to the era of the emergence of agriculture and animal husbandry in the society, under the influence of or directly from it happened later middle Eastern and European Neolithic. Structures are a large circle patterns, based on megalithic columns (3 m or more) of solid hewn stone. The most ancient of nowadays known are the temples of Göbekli Tepe and Nevali-Chori. In the Göbekli Tepe thus far excavated only four churches out of about two dozen. The diameter reaches some 30 m. On the columns there are bas-relief images of animals (foxes, boars, lions, birds, snakes and Scorpions) . Although these temples are the oldest megalithic structures on Earth, it is unknown how they are related to European megaliths  .
Megaliths are prevalent worldwide mainly in coastal areas. In Europe they mostly date back to the Eneolithic and bronze age (3rd — 2nd mill B. C.), with the exception of the British Isles. Continue reading
Correspondents BelTA has learned that during the reconstruction of the Nesvizh castle have been found, unknown to the present day underground structure .
The Radziwill Palace, known to many tourists, is famous not only for those buildings, which are located on the earth’s surface, and their cellars, crypts and dungeons. During the reconstruction of the castle, as reported by the supervisor of the restoration work Sergey dromic, it was a new underground structure of impressive size, located under the ramparts and destroyed in the XVIII century. But recently about its existence no one suspected! During the reconstruction was also able to find new collectors, communications, wells; “back to life” two of the underground passage, once providing for the siege of the castle for a long time (they were mentioned in the documents of XVIII century).
Now all structures located under the ground, ready to receive visitors, and over time it will house the exhibition. Continue reading