Gothic, Gothic style arose and dominated the Western artistic culture immediately after romance. Gothic art originated in France around 1140 years and spread throughout Europe in the next century. The term “Gothic” applied to the late, high or classical ages. Gothic style served primarily the Church. The Gothic period is considered to be one of the greatest in the history of European art and culture.
Gothic style is most clearly represented in the architecture.
A characteristic feature of the Gothic style steel ribbed vaults. The medieval churches of the Romanesque style had a powerful stone arches, which were very heavy. They sought to shore, to push the walls outward, which could bring down the building. To keep such arches, the walls of the Romanesque buildings had to be thick and heavy. At the beginning of the 12th century, masons developed the ribbed vaults: slender stone arches, placed diagonally, transversely and longitudinally. These arches could rely just on columns, walls ceased to be load-bearing structures. In the construction so there was a real revolution. Continue reading
Suppose you want to arrange a room or office in this Gothic style. Well, the desire is quite commendable: the Gothic style is one of the most recognizable and distinctive art styles, it has some solemnity, festivity, and, however, the monumentality, in which everyone will see what he likes. Someone pleasing vaulted ceiling, some gorgeous stained glass, somebody paid tribute to the Gothic chest or chair, and someone even dare to enter in daily use carved Cabinet bookcase.
The European Gothic style, as an aesthetic tradition in architecture and design originated as an alternative to the Romanesque style: heavy, solid, pragmatic. Built and decorated in the Gothic style monasteries, churches, the town hall have a more elegant silhouette, filled with sculptures, arches, polarome-flying buttresses, ornate carvings, stained glass Windows, etc.
The building, built in the Gothic style, as if towards the sky (this was possible due to the newly invented system of frame construction), there are high Windows, the spires which crown the roof, and inside the room are made out by painting on wood or frescoes, tapestries, fine Flemish carpets. Respectively, the Gothic furniture is simple, elegant, but also subject to the same artistic canons: vaulted ceiling, patterned ornaments, carving in the shape of leaves, shields, and roses. Continue reading
Stonehenge (Engl. Stonehenge, lit. “stone henges”) — a UNESCO world heritage stone megalithic structure (cromlech) on Salisbury plain in Wiltshire (England). Is about 130 km South-West of London.
A gigantic construction of Stonehenge is the stone Enigma in the very center of Europe, called this amazing monument is one of the researchers Dr. Omlor Trever. This ancient building, situated in England, Now archaeologists agreed that this architectural monument built in three stages between 3500 and 1100 BC
Stonehenge is a system of concentric circles with a diameter of more than a hundred meters, delineated the shafts, holes and large stones-megaliths. The stone blocks form the arches, which served as a perfect indicator of the world.
A circular ditch with two rooms, probably served as a cemetery. In a circle along the outer shaft located 56 small funeral “Aubrey holes”, named after John Aubrey, who first described them in the XVII century. To the North-East of the entrance to the ring was huge, seven-Heel stone. Continue reading