With the improvement of method of production, there are new tools made of copper and bronze. Occurs the first major social division of labor, increasing wealth inequality. Then the craft separated from agriculture, is the second major division of labor. All this played a crucial role in the development of civilization. In the Nile valley, in Mesopotamia and China established a slave system, the first class of the state. All this led to the development of different spheres of human spiritual activity.
The overwhelming significance of monumental architecture associated with the development of religious beliefs, the cult of ancestors and nature. These were megalithic structures – menhirs (gr. meg). – a large, lit – rock) – single cigar-shaped stone pillars with a height up to 20 m (Brittany, France); sometimes they stretched in parallel rows for several miles (“the Stone army” – the Caucasus, Armenia; the alley of menhirs in Brittany); Continue reading
The great wall of China is one of the largest and oldest monuments in the world. Its total length is 8851,8 km, on one of the sections passes near Beijing. The construction process of this building impresses with its scale. We will tell You about the most interesting facts and events from the history of the Wall
First, a little delve into the history of the great facilities. It is hard to imagine how much time and human resources required to build a building of this scale. Hardly anywhere else in the world there is a building with such a long, great and at the same time tragic history. The construction of the great wall began in the III century BC during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi of the Qin dynasty, the Warring States period (475-221 BC). In those days the country in dire need of protection from attacks of enemies, particularly the nomadic people of the Huns. It was involved one fifth of the population of China, at that time it was about a million people. Continue reading
St. Eusebius Church is the largest and most impressive temple of Arnhem. The construction of the Church began in 1450, and it took centuries for this process to finish. During the battle of Arnhem the Church was almost completely destroyed, but later it was restored. Tourists never miss this city landmark primarily because inside the Church we can visit the grave of Prince Karel, a ride on the Elevator to a height of 73 meters, and then to rise even by 7 meters.
The Church of St. Lawrence in Rotterdam – the stronghold of the Protestants since the reformation and as local cultural figures – a symbol of a sustainable society. It was built in 1525 and was the first stone building in the city. Its design in those days was not infallible. The architect Hendrick de Keyser, the Church was crowned with a tall wooden spire, and the tower was erected heavy stone cube. a Few years later the spire had to be demolished. He began to break down because of poor quality.
Legend says that the beggar Simon, who was believed to blissful, saw in 1351 wonderful vision. Continue reading