The place is known to everyone, and it is called Prague Castle. Today our tour guide will be already known by our previous walking man – Dr. Frantisek Kadlec, Director of the tourism Department of the Administration of Prague Castle. So, in order to understand when and why the Gothic style appeared in the Czech Republic in General and Prague in particular, let us look a little into history.
Then Charles IV decided to invite to Prague architect and the first architect who comes to Prague for the construction of the Prague Castle became a French architect Mathieu of Arras. In 1344 he laid the first stone of the future Gothic Cathedral. The Gothic style was very different from its predecessor is quite simple Romanesque style. Now we are in the so-called Third courtyard of Prague Castle, and the very structure of St. Vitus Cathedral speaks eloquently about what Gothic architecture is very luxurious and magnificent.
Mathieu of Arras was destined to work on the construction of the Cathedral for eight years. He died in 1352. Then Charles IV was forced to seek a new architect, and he found him in the person of a young native Austrian city of Gmunden Peter Parler, who at the time of arrival to Prague was only 23 years old. Continue reading
Aachen Cathedral – one of the Imperial cathedrals of Germany, which for centuries were crowned monarchs to reign.
He began his history of about 800 years, when king Charlemagne ordered the start of construction. In those days Germany consisted of many small principalities of different incomes. The money for this grandiose construction was found only in the Empire of Charles. It is no wonder that there was a rumor that the devil himself gave her money for such a Grand construction. And that the devil demanded his victim the first person to come to the Cathedral. Then the wily citizens let the first wolf. Damn greed rushed at him, and only then saw the switch.
In the year 805 by Pope Leo the Third consecrated the Cathedral. And in the year 814 Charlemagne found his refuge in the crypt of the Cathedral. But that was only the beginning. Then over the centuries the body of the monarch was transferred to various parts of the Cathedral. Continue reading
“Sculpture of the Romanesque style” – Why? DONJON – the main tower of the castle, home of the feudal Lord. Robert. Diagram of a medieval castle – city. Capstone. The Basilisk, who kills with a glance, symbolizes death. The most important sign of Romanesque sculpture – conditional. Romanesque sculpture has opened new sides of reality – the images of the monstrous and ugly.
“Architecture” – Checking of mastering of a material. The Architecture Of Ancient Greece. The Church Of Notre-Dame The Grand. France (1211-1330 gg). The Cathedral in Milan (1836-1856.). Castles in Romanesque style. Classicism. France. Peter and Paul Cathedral. Saint-Petersburg. (1712-1733 years). Westminster Abbey in London (1245-1745 gg). The Art Of Ancient Egypt.
“Gothic architecture” – a Tower with a spire above the crossing, increase the height of the Cathedral up to 108,5 meters, was built in 1765-1769, and the facade was finished in the XIX century. Milan Cathedral — the largest establishment of Gothic architecture in Italy. Gothic architecture. The Gothic Cathedral is always perceived as a living being, in the eternal growth that fast, it is barely noticeable. Continue reading