One of the most beautiful buildings of Paris, praised by Victor Hugo, the legends and myths. A mystical image of Notre-Dame-de-Paris became an international symbol of the middle Ages, where magic is intertwined with faith and the deeper meaning of the true doctrine eternally encoded in the unique sculptures and stained glass Windows.
Notre Dame Cathedral, a magnificent structure, is able to simultaneously accommodate up to nine thousand members, is built on the Western edge of the île de La Cité in the XII century.
1. On the site of a pagan temple
For a thousand years before Christ there lived a small Gallic tribe. 400 years later the Romans came here, for which island surrounded by the waters of the Seine, was a natural fortress. On the spot where now stands the Cathedral, they erected the temple of Jupiter. Continue reading
With the improvement of method of production, there are new tools made of copper and bronze. Occurs the first major social division of labor, increasing wealth inequality. Then the craft separated from agriculture, is the second major division of labor. All this played a crucial role in the development of civilization. In the Nile valley, in Mesopotamia and China established a slave system, the first class of the state. All this led to the development of different spheres of human spiritual activity.
The overwhelming significance of monumental architecture associated with the development of religious beliefs, the cult of ancestors and nature. These were megalithic structures – menhirs (gr. meg). – a large, lit – rock) – single cigar-shaped stone pillars with a height up to 20 m (Brittany, France); sometimes they stretched in parallel rows for several miles (“the Stone army” – the Caucasus, Armenia; the alley of menhirs in Brittany); Continue reading
The great wall of China is one of the largest and oldest monuments in the world. Its total length is 8851,8 km, on one of the sections passes near Beijing. The construction process of this building impresses with its scale. We will tell You about the most interesting facts and events from the history of the Wall
First, a little delve into the history of the great facilities. It is hard to imagine how much time and human resources required to build a building of this scale. Hardly anywhere else in the world there is a building with such a long, great and at the same time tragic history. The construction of the great wall began in the III century BC during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi of the Qin dynasty, the Warring States period (475-221 BC). In those days the country in dire need of protection from attacks of enemies, particularly the nomadic people of the Huns. It was involved one fifth of the population of China, at that time it was about a million people. Continue reading