The Romans adopted from the Greeks all their main achievements, including the steam baths. In the Roman version, they were called the baths. The Romans appreciated the pleasure that gives hot steam. The Roman physician Asklepiad was a follower of Hippocrates in the usefulness of soft paired treatments. His point of view was the idea that in the human body there are little bits that need to move continuously to ensure that the man felt the energy and was able to work. When there is stagnation of these particles as a result of illness or prolonged immobility — it is necessary to give the body a “jolt” in the form of visiting the steam bath, so that these life giving particles again are in motion. As the poet Horace wrote: “Throw me the ball on the marble steps and go to the bath”. No less than the famous ancient Greek poet Ovid in the “Metamorphoses” described his dream to rejuvenate and believed that this will help him a magic tub of hot water.
However, it seems that you with all the imagination can’t imagine the size of Roman baths that were built in those days. According to the testimony of the Roman historian Marcelina, baths in area of space could rival a small city. One big Terma could occupy 12 hectares, and it was far from the limit. The fact that the baths were not only bathing facilities, but also social, cultural, sporting and entertainment facilities. Continue reading
Founded in the year 1044 by Prince Yaroslav . Novgorod Kremlin — the oldest surviving in Russia Kremlins.
The history of the first Novgorod fortress dates back to the mid XI century . It was located on a small hill between two ravines where is now the Cathedral of St. Sophia with the adjacent area. When the princes of Novgorod, Vladimir Yaroslavich and Mstislav Vladimirovich (XI-XII century), the Kremlin has expanded and reached today’s size. Since ancient times there has been massive ramparts, on which at the end of the XV century were built stone walls and towers on the Italian sample.
To walk round the Kremlin in just half an hour. The length of its walls is 1350 m . the thickness reaches four. Of the twelve nine towers have survived . Five (the number of all administrative districts of Novgorod the Great) of them were travel and was a small architectural ensembles: a tower, gate Church. Continue reading
The harsh and inhospitable terrain seems plain of Salisbury in southern England. Icy chilly winds blow here all year round. Viewing a blog about travel. found an interesting photo of stone mounds in England. In the Neolithic period, about five thousand years ago, there survived in the harsh conditions the people about whom we know very little. Bronze age people and their descendants left behind something special. It strikes the imagination of mankind even today. Mounds stone rings and megalithic culture produce an indescribable impression.
Stonehenge is one of famous monuments of this culture. This is a special temple of eternity. If you look at the temple from the height of bird’s flight, he will reveal the secret of their structure. Blocks of stone built in the shape of a variety of rings and horseshoes. They are arranged around a Central point. The stone giants are the rampart and a deep ditch. Archaeologists were able to solve the who, when and how built the Stonehenge. Why was this temple built? To this question the answer is still not found. Continue reading