The most ancient structures in the world
Geological structure. Like North America, Eurasia millions of years ago was part of the ancient continent of Laurasia. From other continents of the globe it features an extremely complex crustal structure. This is the result of a long and complex geological history of its development.
Gigantic in size Eurasia is not only all Eurasian lithospheric plate . But some of the other Indo-Australian . Along the line of collision, the crust is crumpled in folds – they formed the Alpine-Himalayan fold belt . Therefore, the mountain that appeared in this zone, located on the fringes along the coast, as on other continents, and inland and southern parts of Eurasia. Along the East coast of the mainland stretches another fold belt Pacific . arising at the junction with the Pacific lithospheric plate.
Fold belt are seismic zones, where the intense movements of the earth’s crust, earthquakes and volcanoes. The largest active volcano in Europe within Mediterranean seismic belt is Hekla, Etna and Vesuvius . Active volcanoes of Asia – Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Fuji, Krakatoa, and others – are Pacific seismicheskogo. Continue reading
The space of the Gothic Cathedral
Romanesque cathedrals are majestic and simple. Their huge, strong and, maybe, even a little severe internal space set to a festive thought. The space of the Gothic Cathedral always amazed at the sophistication of some of the interior decoration. Streaming through the huge stained glass window light, if you can split it into hundreds and thousands of coloured lights, gives the whole space a colorful character, melodic world, quite unlike the harsh and everyday that is left outside of the temple.
Pillars of colored light, Lancet Windows completed, sprouted flowers and leaves, and spires of countless canopies over the statues, bunches of slender columns — everything as it strives to enthrall you up to the mysterious, the unknown boundary, beyond which there is eternal joyous bliss. The Gothic temple is colorful and ornate.
It creates a feeling of festive joy. This beautiful Reims Cathedral.
Art historians certainly would be called no less beautiful Gothic churches in France, England and Germany. But in France the new style was born. Continue reading
Romanesque and Gothic style
VC connect draperies in interior architecture is defined by the. Windowless space of classical antiquity and little Windows of stained glass during the early Christian era did not require curtains that significantly reduce the illuminance of the living space. To talk about the systemic use of fabrics for window decorations, starting with the Romanesque style.
Romanesque style dominated in Europe in 1000-12500, and reached the highest peak in Germany and France. Romanesque architecture is heavy castle. It is dominated by thick walls, semi-circular doors, short and thick columns, the cross – bochco – shaped arches, semi – circular window.
A semicircle is a typical form of window in the Romanesque style . Through these Windows light penetrated weakly, for this reason the Windows were decorated cloth extremely low. It was the only cross curtains. Curtain pole (cornice) of the Romanesque era was round. Carved with a zigzag line she adorned the simple architecture of the interior. The furniture was made of dark wood. Along with cross curtains as protection from the cold served as rugs, and heavy draperies. Continue reading